Scientists from the Institute of Solar Energy of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan for the first time created a photodetector of ultraviolet rays based on nanostructures, designed to measure the intensity and dose of ultraviolet rays emanating from the sun and lamps.
The main feature of this photodetector from other previously used detectors is that it was first created on the basis of nanostructures of dielectric metal (oxide), which has the properties of a semiconductor (Au-Ga203 (Fe) -n-GaP). Sensitivity of the device is 2-3 times higher than previous analogues. The photodiode housing of the device consists of a gold layer (Au) 12-14 nm in thickness and an oxide (Ga203 (Fe)) with a thickness of 3-5 nm.
Taking into account the low weight and high photosensitivity of the device, it can be widely used in various fields where it is necessary to measure the intensity of ultraviolet rays, including medicine, ecology, photobiology, biotechnology, astrophysics and space research.
By measuring the intensity of ultraviolet rays emanating from the Sun at the resorts of Turkmenistan (Avaza, Bayramali, etc.), it is possible to study the effect of rays on the human body, identifying the most suitable season and time of the day for medical procedures in the open air.
In addition, using a new photodetector, it is possible to measure the thickness of the ozone layer in the atmosphere and collect the necessary data on ozone “holes”.
The results of studies of nanostructured semiconductors were published in the journal “Nanotechnika”. published in Moscow, in summaries of international scientific forums held in the Turkmen capital, Novosibirsk, Moscow, Vienna, Odessa, Yekaterinburg and Tashkent.
The main conclusions and recommendations on the practical application of the development of Turkmen scientists were presented at the Turkmen-Chinese scientific forum dedicated to innovative technologies and their implementation (Ashgabat, 2017).
The Institute of Solar Energy is engaged in research of alternative energy sources (sun, wind) and their application in the national economy.

A group of medical technologies and engineers from the University of Glasgow, Scotland, have invented a mini-pharmaceutical reactor, which anyone can use for production of necessary medicines.
Scientists have developed pharmaceutical tool kit, which includes 3D-printer, software, precursors and user manual.
3D-printer prints outs the reactor according to the parameters set by the software. Pharmaceutical appliance, consisting of various vessels, tubes and other laboratory parts, can be printed even by a child, say the developers.
Next, a patient, guided by the attached manual, using the 3D-printed reactor and precursors-ingredients, produces the needed medicine.
Scientists have tested their “brainchild” in practice through the production of baclofen, the muscle relaxing drug.
The researchers explain the fruitfulness of their idea by the inexpediency of huge costs of pharmaceutical industries, spending mega-funds for the purchase of equipment and technologies and producing millions of doses, which, in fact, may need a narrow group of patients.
The team will continue to work on the project and is likely to improve in the future device by including a module containing standard validation tests that produce a visual readout.

28.02.2018. Japanese scientist Akinori Ito invented a machine that is able to process plastic bags and plastic products into the substance from which they were originally created – oil. The received fuel can be used for heating houses, and after additional cleaning even in the form of automobile fuel.
Today, the environmental situation in the world requires a more responsible approach to the utilization of oil products, but many processing companies refuse to work with plastic bags, considering it unprofitable. The Japanese inventor managed to refute this stereotype by creating a machine that can make our world not only cleaner, but also profitable.
The essence of the new technology is that the complex structures into which conventional oil is converted can be restructured back. Thus, the process of obtaining plastic turns around, allowing you to get the elementary from the complex.
The operation of the machine consists of several cycles. First, the plastic heats up to 427 degrees Celsius, turning into a liquid. After prolonged boiling, the resulting substance is converted to a gas, which is then cooled, condensing into crude oil.
The oil created as a result of such processing can be immediately used as a fuel for heating the houses, or undergo an additional cleaning cycle on the same device for operation in internal combustion engines.
At the moment, the scientist estimates his invention at $ 10,000, but if it is produced on an industrial scale, the price will be much lower. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that the fuel produced at home will help the owners of the device save on gasoline and heating the house.

28.02.2018. The Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) has published a report focusing on China’s efforts to form the international basis for the future of renewable energy.
The report states that in 2017, China’s total investment in clean energy was more than 44 billion dollars. The amount has increased significantly compared to the indicators of 2016 – by $ 32 billion.
For several decades, China experienced significant industrial growth, which led to increased levels of environmental pollution. The country is still dependent on fossil fuels, in particular coal, to meet its huge energy needs.
Today, the PRC is rapidly expanding its energy activities beyond fossil fuels, thanks to the development of a variety of renewable energy sources, such as hydro, wind, solar, bioenergy and others. Also, China closed about 40% of its plants, which did not comply with the required norms of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere.
Experts of the International Energy Agency predict that China’s dependence on coal will continue to decline, and the country’s investment in international projects towards renewable energy will grow.
It is worth noting that now Celestial Empire managed to significantly reduce the amount of coal consumed, replacing it by more environmentally friendly natural gas, which helps to heat large areas in the northern provinces of the country. At the same time, China buys a significant part of the “blue fuel” from its strategic partner in the energy sector – Turkmenistan.

21.02.2018. Ori, Boston-based startup of media laboratory of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA), has developed and successfully promotes on the market robotic furniture units, which easily transform an ordinary room into the living room, bedroom, working place and closet.
One vertical side of the mobile L-shaped module combines a wardrobe, set of drawers, shelves and a folding desk.
The lower bottom part is equipped with pull-out bed. Another vertical has niche for TV set, home appliances, bookshelves and several drawers.
With such intellectual furniture that minimize the load of home interior, the room with an area of 15-20 square meters can be arranged into spacious personal and work zone, allowing to give a party as needed.
The unit is controlled by wall remote control hub or by mobile app.
The first commercial line of smart furniture by Ori is sold at US $ 10,000 to housing developers in major cities across the USA and Canada.
The designers of the company plan to develop similar solutions for bathrooms and kitchens, and create wall partitions, which can turn a one-bedroom apartment into two-bedroom and a studio.

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