16.03.2018. The President of Turkmenistan signed the Resolution approving the State Program for the Support of Small and Medium-sized Entrepreneurship in Turkmenistan for 2018-2024 and a plan of relevant activities for this period.

The document was adopted in accordance with the Law of Turkmenistan "On State Support of Small and Medium-Sized Entrepreneurship", in order to successfully implement the Program for the socio-economic development of the country for 2018-2024, further ensuring high rates of socio-economic development of the country, activating business activities in various sectors of the national economy, increasing the range and volumes of goods produced by small and medium-sized enterprises, increasing their competitiveness in foreign markets, promote the development of private entrepreneurship.

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16.03.2018. In accordance with Turkmenistan’s Land Code and Resolution by the President of Turkmenistan No.14668 of 18 March 2016 “On Regulating Land Relations in Turkmenistan”, the President of Turkmenistan signed a Resolution prescribing to allocate for permanent use by the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs a plot of land of 8 hectares, located along the Tehran Street in Ashgabat, to construct a group of buildings consisting of trade and entertainment, business centers, and a modern residential house.

Pursuant to the document, the State Committee for Environmental Protection and Land Resources and the Ashgabat City Administration are prescribed to duly formalize the allocation of the said plot of land.

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09.03.2018. The Turkmen joint stock company “Maksat Deri”, specializing in leather production, signed agreements with Italian companies on the purchase of modern advanced equipment, which will allow to increase the volume of products as well as to start its export.
Currently, the company produces 10 thousand square meters of natural leather per year, most volume of which is purchased by the Turkmen footwear enterprise “Rovshen”. Some volume is sent to textile factories, where this material is used as a different accessories, etc.
“Maksat Deri” JSC is planning to export 80 percent of its products in the future. Internal resources allow increasing production volumes, responding to growing external demand. Traditionally, livestock breeding has been developed at a high level in Turkmenistan. Additionally, modern technologies of processing are added to the centuries-old experience of agricultural farming. Thus, Turkmenistan exported leather raw material for 20.8 percent more in 2017, compared to 2016.
The chamois leather production increased more than 15 percent in January 2018, compared to the same period of 2016.

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Scientists from the Institute of Solar Energy of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan for the first time created a photodetector of ultraviolet rays based on nanostructures, designed to measure the intensity and dose of ultraviolet rays emanating from the sun and lamps.
The main feature of this photodetector from other previously used detectors is that it was first created on the basis of nanostructures of dielectric metal (oxide), which has the properties of a semiconductor (Au-Ga203 (Fe) -n-GaP). Sensitivity of the device is 2-3 times higher than previous analogues. The photodiode housing of the device consists of a gold layer (Au) 12-14 nm in thickness and an oxide (Ga203 (Fe)) with a thickness of 3-5 nm.
Taking into account the low weight and high photosensitivity of the device, it can be widely used in various fields where it is necessary to measure the intensity of ultraviolet rays, including medicine, ecology, photobiology, biotechnology, astrophysics and space research.
By measuring the intensity of ultraviolet rays emanating from the Sun at the resorts of Turkmenistan (Avaza, Bayramali, etc.), it is possible to study the effect of rays on the human body, identifying the most suitable season and time of the day for medical procedures in the open air.
In addition, using a new photodetector, it is possible to measure the thickness of the ozone layer in the atmosphere and collect the necessary data on ozone “holes”.
The results of studies of nanostructured semiconductors were published in the journal “Nanotechnika”. published in Moscow, in summaries of international scientific forums held in the Turkmen capital, Novosibirsk, Moscow, Vienna, Odessa, Yekaterinburg and Tashkent.
The main conclusions and recommendations on the practical application of the development of Turkmen scientists were presented at the Turkmen-Chinese scientific forum dedicated to innovative technologies and their implementation (Ashgabat, 2017).
The Institute of Solar Energy is engaged in research of alternative energy sources (sun, wind) and their application in the national economy.

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A group of medical technologies and engineers from the University of Glasgow, Scotland, have invented a mini-pharmaceutical reactor, which anyone can use for production of necessary medicines.
Scientists have developed pharmaceutical tool kit, which includes 3D-printer, software, precursors and user manual.
3D-printer prints outs the reactor according to the parameters set by the software. Pharmaceutical appliance, consisting of various vessels, tubes and other laboratory parts, can be printed even by a child, say the developers.
Next, a patient, guided by the attached manual, using the 3D-printed reactor and precursors-ingredients, produces the needed medicine.
Scientists have tested their “brainchild” in practice through the production of baclofen, the muscle relaxing drug.
The researchers explain the fruitfulness of their idea by the inexpediency of huge costs of pharmaceutical industries, spending mega-funds for the purchase of equipment and technologies and producing millions of doses, which, in fact, may need a narrow group of patients.
The team will continue to work on the project and is likely to improve in the future device by including a module containing standard validation tests that produce a visual readout.

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