The import substitution program by local analogues is a significant contribution of Turkmenistan to the environmental protection. The establishment of production of domestic LED-lamps, which have already become a global «green» trend, became the next important step in this direction.
Light-Emitting Diode Lamps, also known as LED lamps, are one of the most environmentally friendly light sources. LED lamps are made from substances that exclude mercury or halogens, so they are not danger to the environment in case of damage or failure. This, in turn, facilitates transportation and disposal: when the lamp burns out, it can be discharged or recycled safely without fear.
«Aydyn gijeler» Economic Society in cooperation with the «Turkmenmashynstroy» Concern under the Ministry of Industry of Turkmenistan has been producing LED lamps since February 2017. From the beginning of this year, about half a million of green light sources came in the local market.
The main advantage of LED-lamps from «Aydyn gijeler» is a long useful time. LED lamps estimates 20,000 to 50,000 hours of guaranteed useful life (from two to five years).

About 20 years ago, a plastic bottle, delighted many of us with its consumer qualities and practicality.
People of the older generation spent most of their lives in the world of glass containers, which must be treated carefully, for fear of breaking it. Plastic dishes are not fragile.
Then a little time passed, and the society satiated with PET waste. Of course, people still buy various liquids in plastic packaging, but now they are no more stored in houses, because they, if not discarded, have a strange property – accumulate in an apartment in large quantities. Therefore, they are thrown out, without regret.
However, it turns out that it is not a right way to solve the issue. Plastic proved to be “immortal”, because it cannot be disposed at regular way.
What to do with this giant amount of solid household waste such as plastic bottles, packages and other containers in the big city? In addition, how this issue supposed to be solved at the country level? Experts warn that PET waste is a serious environmental problem. Moreover, in the Central Asian countries the problem of plastic waste is quite acute.

In a trading network of the country briquette coal appeared, which production was started by specialists of «Mert Peder» EC in daikhan association «Bugdaily», Ak bugdai etrap, Ahal velayat.
The wooden wastes of agricultural production namely dried up cotton stalks and grape springs serve as raw materials for the production of briquette coal. The long time of burning (4-5 hours), that makes its use saving, is among the advantages of this kind of fuel. The wooden-coal briquettes do not contain chemical fixing agents and binding elements, which could have a pernicious effect on ecology and health of people that is why they are considered to be ecologically pure fuel for barbecues, furnaces, fireplaces, tent heating, etc.
The enterprise capacity is 400kg of briquette coal a day, which is packaged in paper bags and delivered to a retail network. To provide the home market with import-substituting production in full is in the manufacturer’s plans.

Specialists of «Ferhar» economic society are waiting for the first harvest of bananas. In September of last year, seedlings of exotic plants for our country were imported from Turkey. Especially for them in Sakarchage district of Mary region was built a greenhouse on an area of one hectare, 8.6 meters height.
Proper care for plants brought its fruits - bananas blossomed and formed ovaries. In addition, greenhouse unexpectedly turned into a local landmark.
By mid-December entrepreneur intends to start harvesting the first crop, which is planned at 30-40 tons. Under favorable conditions, 300-350 pieces of bananas can be removed from each «tree».
Thus, bananas of domestic production may appear on the New Year's table of Turkmenistan.

The individual enterprise «Ak Sili», located in Mary region, specializes in production of reagents used in power engineering, oil and gas production, chemical, medical, food and other industries. Since December last year, entrepreneurs produced more than two hundred tons of technical hydrochloric acid. Mary and Seydi state district power stations, Turkmenbashi thermal power station, sell the major part.

Hydrochloric acid in the enterprise becomes from local raw materials - bischofite - a mineral found in large quantities in the deposits of Garabogazgol Bay. The company’s specialists on their own prepared the equipment necessary for the production of the reagent.

The technical regulation for the production of acid was prepared together with scientists from the Institute of Chemistry of the AST. Recently, chemists especially for «Ak Sili» developed a technology for the production (based on hydrochloric acid) of a washing solution to remove salt and iron oxide deposits from the surfaces of heat exchange and heating equipment used in power engineering and other industries. In addition, it is able to remove limescale on marble, granite and other surfaces, and is used to treat the bottomhole zone of oil wells. The reagent was purchased abroad until recently.

Vladimir KOMAROV (

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